- Spain: Texas was first claimed by Spain in the 16th century and was part of New Spain.
- France: France did have a brief period of involvement in the history of Texas. In 1684 French explorer René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, led an expedition to establish a French colony in the region that is now Texas. They established a colony in Matagorda Bay, which they called Fort Saint Louis, but the colony was plagued by disease, Indian attacks and supply shortages, and it failed soon after it was established.
The French presence in the region was short-lived, and the colony was abandoned by 1689. The French returned to the region in the 18th century, but their presence was limited to a few traders and trappers, and they did not establish any permanent settlements. The French influence on the region was minimal, and the Spanish, who had already established settlements in the region, were the dominant European power in Texas.
So, France was not a major player in the history of Texas, and their presence and influence were limited compared to other nations that have claimed Texas like Spain, Mexico, the Republic of Texas, United States, Confederate States of America.
- Mexico: Following Mexico's independence from Spain in 1821, Texas became a part of Mexico.
- The Republic of Texas: In 1836, Texas declared its independence from Mexico and formed the Republic of Texas. It remained an independent nation for nine years.
- United States: Texas was annexed by the United States in 1845 and became the 28th state to join the Union.
- Confederate States of America: During the American Civil War, Texas seceded from the United States and joined the Confederate States of America.
- United States: After the Civil War, Texas was readmitted to the United States in 1870.
It's worth noting that Texas has also had a number of different flags throughout its history, reflecting its changing political status.
Jan 24th 2023